Skip to main content

Tischendorf, Konstantin von


Lutheran theologian and Biblical textual critic; b. Legenfeld, Saxony, January 18, 1815; d. Leipzig, December 7, 1874. He studied theology at Leipzig (183438), where he was especially influenced by J. G.B. Winer in joining a careful study of New Testament philology with a great veneration for the Bible. Though nominally belonging to the theological faculty of Leipzig (associate professor, 1845; professor of theology and Biblical paleography, 1859), he was chiefly concerned after 1837 with textual criticism, and he spent a large part of his life in the libraries of Europe and the Near East in search of unpublished manuscripts. He is famous for his dramatic recovery of the Codex Sinaiticus at the Monastery of St. Catherine at Sinai, which he visited three times between 1841 and 1869. The first folios were published in 1846 as the Codex Frederico-Augustinus. After the discovery in 1859 of almost the complete manuscript, it was published as Bibliorum Codex Sinaiticus Petropolitanus (Leipzig 1862). Other important manuscripts edited by Tischendorf were the Codex Ephraemi rescriptus, which he was the first to decipher (184345); the Codex Amiatinus (1850); and the Codex Claromontanus (1852). Between 1841 and 1869 he published eight editions of the Greek New Testament, the last of which still remains a basic standard book of reference for the Greek New Testament.

Bibliography: c. bertheau, s. m. jackson, ed., The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, 13 v. (Grand Rapids, MI) 11:451453. w. schrage, Die Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart, 7 v. (3rd ed. Tübingen 195765) 6:904905.

[d. w. martin]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Tischendorf, Konstantin von." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . 24 Mar. 2019 <>.

"Tischendorf, Konstantin von." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . (March 24, 2019).

"Tischendorf, Konstantin von." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved March 24, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.