Theobald of Étampes

views updated


Early Oxford master; b. Normandy, before 1070; d. after 1132. He was one of the earliest Oxford masters whose teaching and reputation helped to establish the schools there. Between 1085 and 1089 he studied in a school attached to Saint-Étienne, Caen, Normandy, and he later taught there. After declining an invitation to become chaplain to margaret, queen of scotland, he moved to Oxford between 1096 and 1102, probably at the request of Walter, provost of the chapel of St. George's-in-the-Castle. For at least 30 years he taught theology at Oxford and claimed to have lectured to 60 or 100 students. A secular clerk, he was probably a canon of St. George's.

Bibliography: Epistolae, Patrologia Latina 163:759770. r. foreville, "L'école de Caen au XIe siècle et les origines normandes de l'université d'Oxford," Études médiévales offertes à Augustin Fliche (Paris 1952) 81100. r. foreville and j. leclercq, "Un débat sur le sacerdoce des moines au XIIe siècle," St Anselm 41 (1957) 8118. a. b. emden, A Biographical Register of the University of Oxford to A.D. 1500 (Oxford 195759) 3:1754.

[m. m. chibnall]