Symmachus, Quintus Aurelius
SYMMACHUS, QUINTUS AURELIUS
Roman statesman, orator, and champion of paganism; b. c. 345; d. c. 402. He was educated at Bordeaux, where he met and became a close friend of Ausonius. A man of marked ability as an administrator and as an orator, he was made prefect of the city of Rome in 384, and he attained the consulship in 391, although several years earlier he had supported the pagan usurper Maximus. As an enthusiastic adherent of paganism and an active participant in various pagan cults, he was regarded as the leader of the pagan party. He tried repeatedly to have the Altar of Victory restored to the Senate house, but was successfully opposed by Ambrose, the great bishop of Milan (see ambrose, st.). Symmachus was a man of high character and, despite his support of paganism, was on friendly terms with many prominent Christians. His writings are valuable historical sources, but are composed in the highly rhetorical and bombastic style of his age.
Bibliography: Q. Aurelii Symmachi quae supersunt, ed. o. seeck, Monumenta Germaniae Historica Auctores antiquissimi, (Berlin 1826–) 6.1. f. h. dudden, The Life and Times of St. Ambrose, 2 vol. (Oxford 1935). o. seeck, Paulys Realenzyklopädie der klassischen Altertumswissenschaft, ed. g. wissowa et al. (Stuttgart 1893–) 4.A1: 1146–58.
[m. r. p. mcguire]
"Symmachus, Quintus Aurelius." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 21, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/symmachus-quintus-aurelius
"Symmachus, Quintus Aurelius." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved March 21, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/symmachus-quintus-aurelius
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.