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Symeon the New Theologian

Symeon the New Theologian (949–1022). Byzantine mystic and spiritual writer. After entering the imperial service, he became a monk, first at Studios, then at St Mamas in Constantinople, where he became abbot. In 1005 he was forced to resign because of opposition to his teaching, and he was exiled. Though this was revoked, he remained in voluntary exile. Much influenced by the Macarian Homilies, he was a formative influence on hesychasm. He is known as the ‘new’ or ‘second’ theologian, second only to Gregory Nazianzen.

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