Solomon Suliman ben Amar

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SOLOMON SULIMAN BEN AMAR (ninth or tenth century), liturgical poet. Solomon was also called Solomon Alsingari, from which it follows that he came from Sindjar, west of *Mosul in Kurdistan. He may possibly have lived in Babylon, but it is not impossible that he lived in Ereẓ Israel or in *Egypt. Many hundreds of his piyyutim were discovered in the Cairo *Genizah. Since many of them do not bear his signature, some of them were attributed in error to other paytanim, whose names were also Solomon, as for example Solomon ibn Gabirol.

His important piyyutim are kerovot for all the Jewish festivals; yoẓerot, for all the portions of the Torah; and a ma'amad for the order of the Temple service on the Day of Atonement. Only a few of his piyyutim have been published, about seven by I. Davidson in Ginzei Schechter, 3 (1928), others by various scholars. Fragments of the ma'amad were published, without his name being given, by I. Elbogen in his Studien zur Geschichte des juedischen Gottesdienstes (1907), 176–82.


M. Zulay, in: Sinai, 17 (1945), 296–304; 25 (1949), 41–44; J. Schirmann, Shirim Ḥadashim min ha-Genizah (1965), 46–52; E. Fleischer, in: Sinai, 66 (1970), 234–7.

[Abraham David]

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Solomon Suliman ben Amar

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