Simon of Bisignano
SIMON OF BISIGNANO
Canonist; b. early 12th century, Bisignano in Calabria; date and place of death unknown. He was a student at Bologna, quite possibly of Gratian, and magister there. In addition to numerous glossae on the Decretum of gra tian he left a Summa covering all parts of that work except the De poenitentia. It belongs to the late 1170s (possibly 1177–1179). It is a work of great originality and the product of a competent and mature canonist. Simon is responsible for introducing an extensive use of the newer papal legislation since the time of Gratian. On more than 175 occasions he cites excerpts from the decretals of which more than 60 are of Alexander III. Simon seems to have regarded the Decretum of Gratian as the ancient law that could be and must be brought up-to-date by present and future legislators. Abrogations, derogations, modifications to the law of the past are to be expected. In this he was followed by sicardus of cremona, the Summa Lipsiensis, huguccio, and all later canonists. It is interesting also to note that by more than 50 references to the Decretum of burchard of worms he testifies to the continuing use of that work and also indicates the view that Gratian did not contain all the ancient law. Though he made use of the teaching of earlier decretists he rarely refers to them by name. The Summa exercised considerable influence upon the development of the canonical method and has survived in at least eight manuscripts. An edition is being prepared.
Bibliography: s. kuttner, Repertorium der Kanonistik 148–149. j. f. v. schulte, Die Geschichte der Quellen und der Literatur des kanonischen Rechts 1:140–142. j. juncker, "Die Summa des Simon von Bisignano und seine Glossen," Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte, Germanistische Abteilung 15 (1926) 326–500. t. p. mclaughlin, "The Extravagantes in the Summa of Simon of Bisignano," Mediaeval Studies 20 (1958) 167–176. w. holtzmann, "Zu den Dekretalen bei Simon von Bisignano," Traditio 18 (1962) 450–459.
[t. p. mclaughlin]
"Simon of Bisignano." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/simon-bisignano
"Simon of Bisignano." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/simon-bisignano
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.