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SETUBAL , port in S. central Portugal; third largest city of continental Portugal. During the reign of John iii (1521–57), Setubal became an important crypto-Jewish center as a result of the activities of the so-called Messiah of Setubal, Luis *Dias. Although poor and uneducated, Dias won the devotion of numerous *Marranos and even Christians. Unlike those of the remote districts, Setubal's Marrano community had become extinct by the 20th century (see *Portugal). A dozen Jewish families settled in Setubal after the liberal realignment of 1910.


Roth, Marranos, 146–8 (bibl.); R. Southey, Letters Written During a Short Residence in Spain and Portugal (1799), 320–50; A. Mendes, O Algarve e Setubal (1916).

[Aaron Lichtenstein]