Sardi, Samuel ben Isaac
SARDI, SAMUEL BEN ISAAC
SARDI, SAMUEL BEN ISAAC (1185/90–1255/56), Spanish halakhist. Sardi lived in Barcelona and was well-to-do. Among the deeds written in Barcelona during the years 1073–1328 and published by Millás Vallicrosa are a number dated the beginning of the 13th century which are connected with the letting by Sardi of his lands and properties. Sardi was a pupil and colleague of Naḥmanides and sent him many halakhic queries to which he obtained detailed responsa; some of them, included in the Sefer Ha-Terumot, also appear in the works of the Rishonim (see Asaf in bibl.). Sardi also corresponded with Nathan b. Meir of Trinquetaille (Sefer ha-Terumot, gate 52) and began compiling his important work, Ha-Terumot, when he was 30 years old, finishing it in about 1225.
This work deals only with civil and commercial law and is, in fact, the first comprehensive code in Jewish law devoted solely to civil law. It had a considerable influence on Jewish law, chiefly through the Arba'ah Turim of *Jacob b. Asher which is often based on it in the section Ḥoshen Mishpat. In the introduction, and in the work itself, Sardi mentions another of his works, Sefer Ha-Zikhronot, which is not extant. Its scope is unknown, but from his references to it it appears to have consisted of talmudic novellae. Ha-Terumot was published in Salonika (1596, 1628), Prague (1608) and Venice (1643), the last with a valuable commentary by Azariah Figo, entitled Giddulei Terumah (2nd ed. Zolkiev 1709).
Azulai, 1 (1852), 177, no. 129; 2 (1852), 160, n. 98; Gross, Gal Jud, 326; M. Schwab, Rapport sur les Inscriptions Hébraïques de l'Espagne (1907), 151f. (= Nouvelles Archives des Missions Scientifiques, 14 (1907), 379f.); J.M. Millás Vallicrosa, Documents Hebraics de jueus Catalans (1927), 21ff.; S. Assaf, Sifran shel Rishonim (1935), 53–55; F. Cantera and J.M. Millás Vallicrosa, Las inscripciones hebráicas de España (1956), 346–8.
[Shlomoh Zalman Havlin]
"Sardi, Samuel ben Isaac." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 21, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/sardi-samuel-ben-isaac
"Sardi, Samuel ben Isaac." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved February 21, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/sardi-samuel-ben-isaac
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.