Skip to main content

Rapp, Johann Georg

RAPP, JOHANN GEORG

Founder of the Harmony Society; b. Iplingen, Württemburg, Germany, Nov. 1, 1757; d. Economy, Pa., Aug. 7, 1847. He was the son of a prosperous farmer. Although he had little formal education, Rapp was deeply influenced by the writings of J. Böhme, P. J. Spener, E. Swedenborg, and other German mystical theologians, and he gathered some followers into a spiritual family. In 1803 he went to the United States to select a site for a community; his disciples joined him in 1805 to form the Harmony Society at Harmony, Butler County, Pennsylvania. All goods were held in common and after 1807 celibacy was enforced. The community migrated to New Harmony, Posey County, Indiana, in 1814 and in 1825 moved to Economy, near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Rapp continued as the group's spiritual leader and virtual dictator until his death. His eclectic theology was expounded in his Thoughts on the Destiny of Man (1824).

Bibliography: c. knoedler, The Harmony Society (New York 1954). j. s. duss, George Rapp and His Associates (Indianapolis 1914); The Harmonists (State College, Pa. 1943).

[r. k. macmaster]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Rapp, Johann Georg." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Rapp, Johann Georg." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rapp-johann-georg

"Rapp, Johann Georg." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rapp-johann-georg

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.