PRINCE, HAROLD (1928– ), U.S. theatrical producer and director. Born in New York, Prince was awarded the first of 20 Antoinette Perry Awards at age 26 for coproducing Broadway's The Pajama Game (1954). His other 19 Tony Awards came for Damn Yankees (1955); Fiorello (1959, for which he also won the Pulitzer Prize); two for A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum (1962); two for Fiddler on the Roof (1964); two for Cabaret (1966); two for Company (1970); Follies (1971); A Special Tony Award (1972); A Little Night Music (1973); two for Candide (1973); Sweeney Todd (1978); Evita (1979); The Phantom of the Opera (1987); and Showboat (1994).
Prince produced other Broadway plays such as New Girl in Town (1957), West Side Story (1957), Tenderloin (1960), Take Her, She's Mine (1961), Poor Bitos (1964), Flora (1965), and Side by Side by Sondheim (1977).
Prince added directing to his professional activities in 1963, producing and directing She Loves Me. He producedand directed such plays as Superman (1966), Zorba (1969), The Visit (1973), Love for Love (1974), Pacific Overtures (1976), Merrily We Roll Along (1981), Grind (1985), and Hollywood Arms (2002).
Among the plays that Prince directed are A Family Affair (1962), Baker Street (1965), Some of My Best Friends (1977), Play Memory (1984), End of the World (1984), Roza (1987), Kiss of the Spider Woman (1993), and Parade (1999). From 1976 Prince occasionally directed operas.
In the film industry, he produced The Pajama Game (1957), Damn Yankees (1958), and the tv movie She Loves Me (1978). He directed Something for Everyone (1970), A Little Night Music (1977), and the tv movie Sweeney Todd (1982).
Prince wrote Contradictions: Notes on Twenty-Six Years in the Theater (1974).
C. Ilson, Harold Prince: A Director's Journey (2000); idem, Harold Prince: From Pajama Game to Phantom of the Opera (1989); F. Hirsch, Harold Prince and the American Musical Theater (1989).
[Jonathan Licht /
Ruth Beloff (2nd ed.)]