Old Testament scholar; b. Lutheran manse of Kjerringöy, Norway, Aug. 4, 1884; d. Oslo, June 4, 1965. In 1917 he began his academic career at the University of Oslo, where he had matriculated the previous year. He was ordained in 1940. His most important works are Psalmenstudien 1–6 (1921–24) and The Psalms in Israel's Worship 1–2 (1951, tr. 1962). While following in the footsteps of his former teacher at Giessen, H. Gunkel, he went beyond him and established the cultic character of nearly all Psalms. He associated many Psalms with the autumn harvest festival of the New Year, in which Yahweh was ritually enthroned. Other insights of his are the role of the king (the communal "I" in the Psalms), and the eventual democratization of the Psalms, whereby they became a vehicle of prayer for the average worshiper. Also important is He That Cometh (1951, tr. 1956), a basic study of Old Testament messianism and eschatology (the latter would have risen out of the disappointment of the exile).
His expertise ranged throughout the Old Testamenṭ Tetrateuch-Pentateuch-Hexateuch (1964), La religion et la culte (1957), Prophecy and Tradition (1946), and Le décalogue (1927). He combined intellectual brilliance with a warm faith in The Old Testament as the Word of God (1938, tr. 1959).
Bibliography: d. r. ap-thomas, "An Appreciation of Sigmund Mowinckel's Contribution to Biblical Studies," Journal of Biblical Literature 75 (1966) 315–335. a. s. kapelrud, "Sigmund Mowinckel and Old Testament Study," Annual of the Swedish Theological Institute 5 (1967) 4–29. d. kvale and d. rian, eds., Sigmund Mowinckel's Life and Works: A Bibliography (Oslo 1984).
[r. e. murphy]
"Mowinckel, Sigmund." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 17, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/mowinckel-sigmund
"Mowinckel, Sigmund." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved November 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/mowinckel-sigmund
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.