Skip to main content

Mass, Dry

MASS, DRY

The medieval Missa sicca was a quasiliturgical custom patterned on the Mass. The first certain mention of it is found in the 9thcentury pontifical of Prudentius (d.861), Bishop of Troyes. It was also discussed by William Durand (d. 1296), Bishop of Mende. It consisted of the recitation of prayers and readings from the Mass of the day by a priest, sometimes fully vested, sometimes wearing only a stole, and with the omission of the Mass parts from Offertory to Communion inclusive. It seemed to have enjoyed some popularity in preReformation France, both in monasteries, where priestmonks sometimes celebrated after the conventual Mass as a private devotion, and in parish churches, as an embellishment of, or even a substitute for, the Eucharistic Sacrifice. Instances of the latter usage were at weddings, funerals, a gathering of huntsmen for the chase, or voyaging at seaoccasions when a complete Mass service might have been deemed inconvenient or impossible.

At Milan, the Palm Sunday procession used to halt at various churches in the city for a service resembling a dry Mass. In fact, the blessing of palms on Palm Sunday in the Roman rite was given a place in such a Missa sicca until Pius XII promulgated his Holy Week Ordo in 1956. Because of the danger of extremes, the general practice was condemned by theologians and synods, and eventually died out.

Bibliography: g. durandi, Rationale divinorum officiorum (Lyons 1560) 4:1. p. browe, "Messa senza consacrazione e commuione," Ephemerides liturgicae 50 (1936) 124132.

[m. ducey/eds.]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Mass, Dry." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 14 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Mass, Dry." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 14, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/mass-dry

"Mass, Dry." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved November 14, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/mass-dry

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.