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Maclovius, St.


Bishop also known as Machutus and Malo; b. Gwent, in southern Wales; d. near Saintes, France, c. 640. Educated in the monastery of Llancarfan, Maclovius became a monk there despite his parents' resistance. After ordination he wandered from Britain to Brittany, where he established several monasteries, among them Aleth (Saint-Malo), and reportedly visited columban at luxeuil. Legend also connects him with the fabulous voyages of St. brendan. Bili, a deacon of Aleth and author of two of the several extant medieval lives of Maclovius, relates that he was consecrated bishop by an archbishop of Tours. Toward the end of his life he lived as a hermit near Saintes.

Feast: Nov. 15.

Bibliography: Bibliotheca hagiographica latina antiquae et mediae aetatis, 2 v. (Brussels 18981901; suppl. 1911) 2:511624. Deux vies inédites de S. Malo, ed. f. plaine and a. de la borderie (Rennes 1884). l. duchesne, "La Vie de Saint Malo: Étude critique," Revue Celtique 11 (1890) 122. f. duine, Memento des sources hagiographiques de l'histoire de Bretagne (Rennes 1918). h. leclercq, Dictionnaire d'archéologie chrétienne et de liturgie, ed. f. cabrol, h. leclercq, and h. i. marrou, 15 v. (Paris 190753) 10.1:12931318. a. m. zimmermann, Kalendarium Benedictinum: Die Heiligen und Seligen des Benediktinerorderns und seiner Zweige, 4 v. (Metten 193338) 3:310311. bili (9th cent.), The Old English Life of Machutus, ed. d. yerkes (Toronto 1984); with Fr. tr. g. le duc (Rennes 1979).

[r. t. meyer]

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