Skip to main content

Llorente, Juan Antonio


Spanish historian; b. Rincón del Soto, Aragon, March 30, 1756; d. Madrid, Spain, Feb. 5, 1823. Llorente was educated in Tarragona and continued his studies in Roman law and Canon Law at Zaragoza. He was ordained in 1779, and in 1781 became an advocate at the Council of Castile. The following year the bishop of Calahorra appointed him vicar-general of that diocese. Although in his religious views Llorente was already strongly influenced by jansenism and the ideas of the Enlightenment, he was appointed a commissioner of the Inquisition. In 1794 his plan for a reform of the Holy Office was used by the royal minister, Gaspar Jovellanos, and later Manuel de Godoy used it for the initial steps in the establishment of a schismatic church. Llorente's program envisaged the restoration of the Spanish Church to conditions that had prevailed in the sixth and seventh centuries, and this was set forth in his Collección diplomatica de varios papeles antiguos y modernos sobre dispensas matrimoniales y otros puntos de disciplina ecclesiástica. During the French occupation of Spain, he gave his allegiance to Joseph Bonaparte and was finally put in charge of the property confiscated from the Church by the French regime. The French defeat in Spain forced Llorente to go to France, and he took with him a good part of the archives of the Aragonese Inquisition. Although he wrote many books, a major part of them polemical in character, his most valuable work is his Histoire critique de l'Inquisition d'Espagne (4 v. Paris 181718).

[s. j. t. miller]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Llorente, Juan Antonio." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . 16 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Llorente, Juan Antonio." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . (January 16, 2019).

"Llorente, Juan Antonio." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved January 16, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.