LIST, EMANUEL (1888–1967), bass. Born in Vienna, List joined the Volksoper in Vienna in 1922, the Berlin State Opera from 1923 to 1933 and toured in Europe, the United States, and Australia. In 1938, forced to leave Germany, he settled in the United States. His deep bass made him suitable for Wagner villains; therefore he sang leading Wagnerian roles at the Metropolitan Opera, New York. He also became known as a singer of German lieder. Among his famous roles are Pogner (Die Meistersinger), Hunding (Die Walküre), King Mark, Ramfis (Aida), and Landgrave (Tannhäuser). List recorded several of his Wagner roles, including Hunding on Bruno Walter's famous 1935 recording of Die Walküre, Act 1.
[Israela Stein (2nd ed.)]