Landau, Gregory Adolfovich

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LANDAU, GREGORY ADOLFOVICH (1877–1940), Russian publicist and journalist. Born in St. Petersburg, he was the son of Adolph *Landau. He graduated in 1902 from the law school of St. Peterburg University. He wrote for Russian and Russian Jewish newspapers, was one of the founders of the Jewish Democratic Group (1904), and was active in the League for the Attainment of Equal Rights for the Jewish People in Russia. He was also active in the Constitutional-Democratic (KaDet) party. After the 1917 Revolution, Landau settled in Berlin. He was associated with rightist Russian circles and participated in the editing of their newspaper, Rul. His writings included Sumerki Yevropy ("The Twilight of Europe," 1923), in which he predicted the Balkanization of Europe, its economic and political subordination to the United States, and its intellectual and moral decay. In 1924 he contributed to the collection "Russia and the Jews." He also wrote essays on general philosophy. When Hitler came to power in 1933, Landau left for Riga, Latvia, and wrote for the Russian press there. After Latvia was annexed by Russia, he was imprisoned and "liquidated." Another notable work by Landau is Polskoyevreyskiya otnosheniya ("Polish-Jewish Relations," 1915), a collection of articles and notes.


J.G. Frumkin et al. (eds.), Russian Jewry, 2 vols. (1966–69), index; B. Dinur, Bi-Ymei Milḥamah u-Mahpekhah (1960), 66–67.

[Yehuda Slutsky]