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Landau, Ezekiel

Landau, Ezekiel (1713–93). Also known as Noda bi-Yehuda from the title of his book of responsa, Jewish Talmudic scholar. He was born in Poland, where he served as a rabbi, but he became well-known only when he became rabbi of Prague in 1755. His book of 855 responsa (Noda Biyhudah, Known in Judah) shows a tendency to lenient interpretations. He strongly opposed Shabbateanism and any kind of messianic speculation, and was suspicious of the emerging Ḥasidic movement. But he attempted to mediate in the bitter dispute between Emden and Eybeschuetz, even though he was not convinced that the latter was innocent of connection with Shabbateanism, because he felt that the damage to the Jewish community must be contained.

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