Skip to main content

Kramer, Jacob


KRAMER, JACOB (1892–1962), British painter. Kramer was born at Klintsy, in the Ukraine. His father, Max Kramer (d. 1915), was a painter and his uncle Sion was a court painter who exhibited at the Chicago Exhibition of 1893. The Kramer family immigrated to England in 1900 and settled in Leeds, where Jacob lived most of his life. At school the eight-year-old Jacob was recognized as being artistically talented and in 1907 entered the Leeds School of Art. With the assistance of the Jewish Education Aid Society he studied at the Slade School of Art in London in 1912. A gifted and sensitive draughtsman, Kramer never quite lived up to his early promise. His masterpiece is undoubtedly the powerful The Day of Atonement (1919) now in the Leeds City Art Gallery, together with the equally impressive Hear Our Voice, O Lord Our God (1919). Kramer illustrated Israel Cohen's A Ghetto Gallery (1931). He spent most of his life in Leeds and taught at the Leeds and Bradford colleges of art.

add. bibliography:

odnb online; M. Kramer (ed.), Jacob Kramer: A Memorial Volume (1969); Jacob Kramer Reassessed (Ben Uri Art Society, London) 1984.

[Charles Samuel Spencer]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Kramer, Jacob." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 22 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Kramer, Jacob." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (January 22, 2019).

"Kramer, Jacob." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved January 22, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.