Judges (in the Bible)
JUDGES (IN THE BIBLE)
The term used in the Book of judges to describe the book's heroes. The word in Hebrew (šōfēt ) designates one who restores justice or right to someone. Broadly speaking, a judge is one appointed to settle quarrels and assist men to obtain their rights. Yet, even such a fluid concept scarcely justifies applying this term alone to the varying functions described in the Book of Judges. R. de Vaux thinks the title has been wrongly extended to the heroes of the period between Joshua and the monarchy who saved some part of the people from oppression; it would belong properly to the minor judges along with Jephthah (and, probably, Deborah), who combined the judge's office with that of savior. These minor judges were a permanent institution of the tribal federation, elected officials whose function was to interpret Yahweh's law for all Israel and to adjudicate controversial cases between clans.
Actually, the author of the book has included under a generic name (national juridical institution) much more; the great deeds of the major judges, not institutional activities, are the outstanding things in the book. For the Deuteronomist author all judgments are rooted in the historical covenant; justice is God's saving justice. Judges and saviors are equally signs of the divine saving activity in this heroic age. God alone is the ultimate savior; saving activity comes exclusively from Him (Jgs 6.34, 36–37;7.2, 9, 14–15). Theological considerations, then, probably directed the choice of the title as applied to all the heroes of the book.
"Judges (in the Bible)." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 13, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/judges-bible
"Judges (in the Bible)." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved November 13, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/judges-bible
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.