Skip to main content

Iḥud Ha-Kevuẓot Ve-Ha-Kibbutzim

IḤUD HA-KEVUẒOT VE-HA-KIBBUTZIM

IḤUD HA-KEVUẒOT VE-HA-KIBBUTZIM , a federation of collective settlements in Israel founded in 1951 by the merger of the *Mapai-oriented kibbutzim, which seceded from *Ha-Kibbutz ha-Me'uḥad, with the union of smaller collective settlements called Ḥever ha-Kevuẓot. (The latter also comprised the first villages of this kind founded by pioneers of the Second Aliyah before World War i.) The Iḥud is ideologically and politically the most moderate of the various kibbutz unions, allowing for more diversity in its members' outlook and way of life. It comprised over 80 collective settlements with a population of about 30,000 in 1970. In 1979 it reunited with Ha-Kibbutz ha-Me'uḥad to form Takam (the United Kibbutz Movement), which numbered 167 kibbutzim and 76,560 members in 1987. In 2000 the United Kibbutz Movement and *Ha-Kibbutz ha-Arẓi ha-Shomer ha-Ẓa'ir joined forces as "The Kibbutz Movement," representing 260 kibbutzim.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Iḥud Ha-Kevuẓot Ve-Ha-Kibbutzim." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. 25 May. 2019 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Iḥud Ha-Kevuẓot Ve-Ha-Kibbutzim." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 25, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ihud-ha-kevuzot-ve-ha-kibbutzim

"Iḥud Ha-Kevuẓot Ve-Ha-Kibbutzim." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved May 25, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ihud-ha-kevuzot-ve-ha-kibbutzim

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.