First coadjutor-elect of the U.S. Church; b. Ruemannsfelden, Bavaria, Aug. 18, 1753; d. Philadelphia, Pa., October 1793. He entered the Jesuits, but the suppression of the Society of Jesus prevented him from completing his novitiate. After ordination as a secular priest in Germany (c. 1780), he went to Philadelphia, Pa. (1787), at the request of Rev. Ferdinand farmer. Grassel was initially attached to St. Mary's Church, Philadelphia; in addition, he made missionary excursions into New Jersey. In Philadelphia he ministered with prudence and devotion to German immigrants and to descendants of the English and Irish settlers. At St. Mary's he upheld the authority of John Carroll as prefect apostolic of the U.S.; Grassel was retained at St. Mary's Church (1788) over the opposition of the German board of trustees, who in time built Holy Trinity Church, insisting on the right to choose their own pastors. In the midst of these embroilments Grassel joined in an unsuccessful effort to petition the restoration of the Society of Jesus. His pastorate soon won the recognition of his fellow priests as well as that of Bishop Carroll. In 1791 he was a promoter at the first national synod. On Sept. 24, 1793, he was nominated as coadjutor bishop to Carroll and confirmation was asked from Pius VII at an audience on Dec. 8, 1793. Formal letters of his appointment as bishop of Samosata were sent Jan. 18, 1794, but Grassel did not live to see these official acts accomplished. Within a month of his nomination, he died ministering to the afflicted in the Philadelphia yellow fever epidemic.
[t. o. hanley]
"Grassel, Lorenz." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 13, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/grassel-lorenz
"Grassel, Lorenz." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 13, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/grassel-lorenz
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.