Gluecksohn (Glickson), Moshe

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GLUECKSOHN (Glickson), MOSHE (1878–1939), Hebrew journalist and Zionist leader. Born in Cholynka, near Grodno, Gluecksohn began his Zionist activity in Western Europe among Jewish students. He was a delegate to the Sixth Zionist Congress (1903) and later congresses, joining the opposition to the Uganda Scheme. From 1908 to 1914 he was the secretary of the Ḥovevei Zion committee in Odessa. In 1910 Gluecksohn began to publish articles in Hebrew in Haolam and later also in Ha-Shilo'aḤ. After the February Revolution, 1917, he edited the Moscow Hebrew daily Ha-Am. After the Bolshevik Revolution he left for Palestine (autumn 1919). From 1923 to 1938 he edited the daily Haaretz, and during his period of editorship the paper became an important Zionist organ, supporting the policy of Chaim Weizmann and the Zionist leadership and strongly opposing Revisionism. Gluecksohn was the ideological leader of Ha-No'ar ha-Ẓiyyoni and of progressive Zionism. He wrote monographs on Aḥad Ha-Am (1927) and Maimonides (1935). Active in public life as a leader of the General Zionist Party in Palestine, he was also a member of the Zionist General Council, Va'ad ha-Lashon ha-Ivrit (Hebrew Language Committee), and the Board of Governors of the Hebrew University. Kibbutz *Kefar Glickson is named after him. His Ishim ba-Madda uva-Sifrut ("Personalities in Science and Literature") appeared after his death (1940–41; 2nd ed. 1963, with a preface by his wife). Two volumes of his collected works appeared posthumously: Ishim ba-Ẓiyyonut ("Zionist Personalities," 1940), and Im Ḥillufei Mishmarot ("Changing the Guard," 1965).


Bergman, in: Haaretz (July 2, 1943); G. Kressel, Toledot ha-Ittonut ha-Ivrit be-Ereẓ Yisrael (1964), index; A. Carlebach, Sefer ha-Demuyot (1959), 306–11; Rabbi Binyamin (pseud.), Keneset Ḥakhamim (1960), 358–80.

[Baruch Shohetman]