Skip to main content

Estius, Gulielmus


Exegete, theologian, and hagiographer; b. Gorcum, Holland, 1542; d. Douai, Sept. 20, 1613. After his studies of the classics at Utrecht, he spent 20 years at Louvain, studying sacred sciences and teaching philosophy. He received the S.T.D. in 1580. After his appointment as Professor Primarius at the University of Douai in 1582, he taught Sacred Scripture and served two terms as rector of the seminary. He was chancellor of Douai from 1595 until his death. A profound student, highly esteemed for vast learning, solid judgment, and sincere piety, he was called Doctor fundatissimus by Pope Benedict XIV. Among his less famous works are a History of the Martyrs of Gorcum (Douai 1603) and an excellent commentary on Quattuor libri sententiarum Petri Lombardi (Douai 1615). His greatest work is exegetical, the well-known In omnes beati Pauli et septem catholicas apostolorum epistolas commentarii (Douai 161416) in which he explained the literal meaning of the NT Epistles with precise judgment, acumen, and erudition. His calm, impartial answers to objections did much to expose the deficiencies of the Protestant Biblical exegesis. His prefaces to each Epistle were particularly valuable for their insight into the exact mind of the authors. Estius's reputation became so great among later scholars that the saying "Maldonatus on the Gospels, Estius on the Epistles" became proverbial.

Bibliography: h. hurter, Nomenclator literarius theologiae catholicae 3:484489. t. leuridan, Revue des sciences ecclésiastiques 2 (1895) 120131, 326340. l. salembier, Dictionnaire de théologie catholique 5.1:871878. a. fleischmann, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche 3:1117.

[j. j. mahoney]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Estius, Gulielmus." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . 19 Mar. 2019 <>.

"Estius, Gulielmus." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . (March 19, 2019).

"Estius, Gulielmus." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved March 19, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.