Emmanuel, Bl.

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Bishop; b. Cremona?, c. 1225; d. Adwert (Aduard), Holland, Oct. 1, 1298 (feast, Feb. 27). Knowledge about his youth is unreliable, but it is clear that in the 1270s he was professor of Canon Law at the University of Paris. He became archdeacon in Cremona (Italy) and in 1291 or 1292, was bishop there. Having been a staunch defender of the Church against secular encroachment, he was forced to resign in 1295. He spent the last three years of his life at the Cistercian Abbey of Adwert where he was venerated as blessed, although he was never canonized. In 1940 his remains were unearthed and transferred to the Abbey of Notre-Dame de Sion at Diepenveen.

Bibliography: a. alma, Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques, ed. a. baudrillart et al. (Paris 1912) 15:423424, with bibliography.

[l. j. lekai]

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Emmanuel, Bl.

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