Skip to main content

Elizalde, Miguel de

ELIZALDE, MIGUEL DE

Jesuit theologian; b. Echalar, Navarre, 1616; d. San Sebastián, Nov. 18, 1678. He entered the Society of Jesus in 1635, and later taught theology and philosophy at Valladolid, Salamanca, and Rome, and for a time was rector of the Jesuit college at Naples. In his Forma verae religionis quaerendae et inveniendae (Naples 1662) he ranked himself among the few 17th-century theologians who favored a more rationalistic apologetic, claiming that strict proof of the fact of revelation was possible. This idea was coldly received at the time but took better root in the 19th century and won wide acceptance. But Elizalde is better known for his attack upon probabilism. Without the approval of his religious superiors and in defiance of the criticism and advice of the revisers of the society, he published his De recta doctrina morum, quatuor libris distincta, quibus accessit: De natura opinionis under the anagrammatic pseudonym of Antonio Celladei (Lyons 1670). A second and enlarged edition was published posthumously (Fribourg 1684). Elizalde's own moral system is described as probabiliorism, but it could perhaps be better classified as tutiorism. On certain points he verged toward Baianist and Jansenist doctrine.

Bibliography: c. sommervogel et al., Bibliothèque de la Compagnie de Jésus (Brussels-Paris 189032) 3:281383. i. von dÖllinger and f. h. reusch, Geschichte der Moralstreitigkeiten in der römischkatholischen Kirche seit dem sechzehnten Jahrhundert, 2 v. (Munich 1889) 1:5156, 141144, 157, 203, 206; 2:2345, 4748.

[p. k. meagher]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Elizalde, Miguel de." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Elizalde, Miguel de." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 19, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/elizalde-miguel-de

"Elizalde, Miguel de." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/elizalde-miguel-de

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.