Elizabethton, city (1990 pop. 11,931), seat of Carter co., NE Tenn., on the Watauga River; inc. 1799. It is an industrial center where rayon, clothing, boxes, crushed stone, and hand tools are produced. Tobacco, fruit, and Christmas trees are grown. The region was one of the earliest settled in Tennessee. In 1772 the Watauga Association was organized there; Sycamore Shoals Monument commemorates this event, the treaty Richard Henderson made with the Cherokee in 1775, and the formation of a Revolutionary force that later took part in the battle of Kings Mountain. Nearby lakes have Tennessee Valley Authority dams.