Eisenstadt, Moses Eleazar

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EISENSTADT, MOSES ELEAZAR

EISENSTADT, MOSES ELEAZAR (1869–1943), rabbi, educator, and author in Russia and France. Born in Nesvizh, Belo-russia, he studied at the yeshivah of *Volozhin, and from 1889 at the university and Hochschule fuer die Wissenschaft des Judentums in Berlin. He wrote his doctoral thesis on "Bible Criticism in Talmudic Literature" in 1898. From 1899 to 1910 Eisenstadt officiated as *Kazyonny Ravvin (government-appointed rabbi) of Rostov, and from 1911 to 1923 held the same position in St. Petersburg. He subsequently immigrated to France, and in 1926 was appointed rabbi of the Ohel Ya'akov community of the Russian Jews in Paris. He also lectured in modern Hebrew literature at the rabbinical seminary. When the Nazis occupied Paris, he left for New York, and in 1942 was appointed rabbi of the Merkaz Beit Yisrael community of Russian Jews there. From an early age, he published articles, reviews, and stories in the Jewish press in Hebrew, Yiddish, Russian, and German. His books include Be-Shuvi el Ereẓ Moladeti ("On My Return to My Fatherland," 1893), and Me-Ḥayyei Benei Lita ("From the Lives of the Inhabitants of Lithuania," 1893). In 1918, he was a member of the editorial board of the Jewish historical journal He-Avar, published in Petrograd.

bibliography:

lnyl, 1 (1956), 66–67; Kressel, Leksikon, 1 (1965), 84.