Skip to main content

Duranti, William the Younger

DURANTI, WILLIAM THE YOUNGER

Nephew of William Duranti, the Elder; b. Puymisson, France; d. Nicosia, Cyprus, July 1330. He was appointed bishop of Mende by boniface viii, Dec. 17, 1296. In 1305 clement v entrusted him, together with the abbot of Lombez, with the task of reporting on conditions in Italy. In 1307, at the pope's request, he likewise conducted an inquiry into the canonization cause of thomas of cantelupe, Bishop of Hereford; in August 1308 he was a member of the commission investigating the templars. The commission began operations Aug. 8, 1309, and completed its work June 5, 1311. At the Council of vienne, Duranti composed a lengthy memorandum criticizing abuses in the Church, especially the centralization of power in the papal court, to the detriment of the episcopate. According to the testimony of john xxii, these criticisms were on the point of provoking a schism [A. Coulon, Lettres secrètes et curiales de Jean XXII (Paris 1900)]. The restriction placed on the right of episcopal election by cathedral chapter, promulgated by the constitution Ex debito (Sept. 15, 1316), brought a reaction from Duranti. His proposals at the Papal Curia occasioned the opening of an abortive investigation against him, but apparently his advisory position at the French court saved him. In March 1318, the pope granted benefices to Duranti's relatives, including his brothers Bernard, William, and Pons [G. Mollat, Lettres communes de Jean XXII (Paris 1905) v.2, n. 652336, 6552, 6613, 6615]. In 1329 John XXII and Philip VI entrusted him and Peter of Palu, Patriarch of Jerusalem, with the delicate mission of organizing a crusade.

Bibliography: w. duranti, Tractatus de modo concilii generalis celebrandi et corruptelis in Ecclesia reformandis (Lyons 1531, 1534; Paris 1545, 1671), analyzed by p. viollet, Histoire littéraire de la France (Paris), ed. Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres (18141941) 35:79129; Directorium chori, in Bibl. de Mende, MS 2; Memoir on the Crusade (1330) in Paris, BN lat. 7470, fols. 117123; Acta Sanctorum Oct. 1 (1765) 587596; Instructions et constitutions de Guillaume Durand, le Spéculateur, ed. berthelÉ and valmary (Archives du département de l'Hérault. Documents et inventaire complémentaires 5.1; Montpellier 1900), additions to the work of his uncle, dating back to 1309; Report on the mission conducted in Italy in 130506, partially ed. r. davidsohn, Forschungen zur älteren Geschichte von Florenz, 4 v. (Berlin 18961908) 3:287321. e. gÖller, "Zur Geschichte der italienischen Legation Durantis des Jüngeren von Mende," Römische Quartalschrift für christliche Altertumskunde und für Kirchengeschichte 19 (1905) 1524. e. mÜller, Das Konzil von Vienne (Münster 1934), contains several errors.

[g. mollat]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Duranti, William the Younger." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Duranti, William the Younger." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 23, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/duranti-william-younger

"Duranti, William the Younger." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved September 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/duranti-william-younger

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.