DEUTSCH, ERNST (1890–1969), German actor. At the age of 24, playing the main role in Hasenclever's The Son, Deutsch became one of the exponents of expressionism on the German stage. He had his most fruitful period at the Reinhardt Theater in Berlin, but could also be seen in films and on stage at the Burgtheater in Vienna. Deutsch played many Jewish roles, among them parts in Arnold Zweig's Blood Libel in Hungary, R. Beer-Hoffman's Jacob's Dream, and Galsworthy's Loyalties. With the rise of Hitler, Deutsch left Germany and worked in London and Hollywood. After World War ii, he was invited to appear in Berlin and Vienna and in 1957 played in Nathan the Wise.
J. Bab, Schauspieler und Schauspielkunst, 1928; A. Zweig, Juden auf der deutschen Buehne (1929). add. bibliography: G. Zivier, Ernst Deutsch und das deutsche Theater: Fünf Jahrzehnte deutsche Theatergeschichte – Der Lebensweg eines großen Schauspielers (1964).