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Deuticke, Franz (1850-1919)

DEUTICKE, FRANZ (1850-1919)

Franz Deuticke, a Viennese publisher, was born on September 9, 1850, and died on July 2, 1919. In 1878 he and Stanislaw Töplitz took over the Viennese bookstore of Karl Czermak, together with the modest publishing house that was part of it. After Töplitz's departure in 1886, he became the sole owner of the Franz Deuticke Company. Using the funds from the bookstore, the company devoted its first years mostly to publishing books on medicine and the natural sciences. Among the authors published were several professors from Sigmund Freud's university, including Theodore Meynert, Salomon Stricker, Max Kassowitz, and Heinrich Obersteiner. After having published a series of manuals and monographs in medicine and the natural sciences, Deuticke expanded his list between 1880 and 1890 to include scientific reviews and periodicals such as Zentralblatt für Physiologie, Jahrbücher für Psychiatrie, and Monatsschrift für Kinderheilkunde. Around this time he also became interested in the young science of economics.

After the turn of the century, Deuticke further broadened his publishing list to include scholarly books, law books, and psychoanalytic works. Freud's first contacts with Deuticke took place within the context of his own translation projects: the translation of Jean Martin Charcot's Nouvelles conférences sur les maladies du système nerveux (Neue Vorlesungen über die Krankheiten des Nervensystems [1886]), which appeared in 1886 and was included in volume one of the translation of the Conférences policliniques (Poliklinischen Vorträgen [1894]), the translation of Hippolyte Bernheim's La suggestion et son effet thérapeutique (Die Suggestion und ihre Heilwirkung [1888]) and Bernheim's Nouvelles études sur l'hypnotisme, la suggestion et la psychothérapie (Neue Studien über Hypnotismus, Suggestion und Psychotherapie [1892]). In 1891 Freud also entrusted the young and enterprising publishing house with his first monograph, Zur Auffassung der Aphasien (On Aphasia: A Critical Study, 1891).

Until the outbreak of the First World War, Deuticke was, with rare exceptions, Freud's most important publisher, and his company can rightly be considered the first publisher of psychoanalysis. In 1895 Deuticke also published Studien über Hysterie (Studies on Hysteria, 1895), written in collaboration with Josef Breuer, and in 1900, Die Traumdeutung (The Interpretation of Dreams ). On Freud's recommendation Deuticke also published some of Freud's scientist friends, such as Wilhelm Fliess, and later a number of psychoanalytic authors, such as Carl Gustav Jung. The company even took the risk of publishing the first psychoanalytic periodical: Jahrbuch für psychoanalytische und psychopathologische Forschungen (1904-1914). To promote the new science, Freud became editor of the first series of works on psychoanalysis: Schriften zur angewandten Seelenkunde (Writings on applied psychology ).

At the start of the First World War, Hugo Heller positioned himself to be a publisher devoted to Freudian psychoanalysis, while Franz Deuticke Company, then run by Franz's son Hans, increasingly became a forum for publications by dissident psychoanalysts. After the war Deuticke published both Jung and, after his break with Freud, Otto Rank.

Lydia Marinelli

See also: Heller, Hugo Imago. Zeitschrift für die Anwendung der Psychoanalyse ; Interpretation of Dreams, The ; Jahrbuch der Psychoanalyse .

Bibliography

Grubrich-Simitis, Ilse. (1996). Back to Freud's texts: Making silent documents speak (Philip Slotkin, Trans.). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. (Original work published 1993)

Hall, Murray G. (1985).Österreichische Verlagsgeschichte, 1918-1938. Vienna: H. Böhlau.

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