Skip to main content

Church, Articles on

CHURCH, ARTICLES ON

The Church is considered in the Encyclopedia under a variety of aspects: theological, institutional, historical.

The principal articles concerning the theology of the Church are church, i (in the bible) and church, ii (theology of); see also communio. For discussion of the theological discipline that concerns the Church, see ecclesiology. In the area of dogmatic theology, the major areas are membership in the Church (communion of saints; incorporation in christ; incorporation into the church [membership]; mystical body; society [church as]; votum), the character of the Church (e.g., marks of the church; apostolicity; visibility of the church), and the structure and offices of the Church (e.g., teaching authority of the church [magisterium]; infallibility; laity, theology of; councils, general [ecumenical], theology of).

The Church as an institution is covered in a wide variety of articles concerning canon law. There are also sets of articles dealing with the papacy (e.g., papacy; popes, election of; pope; pronouncements, papal and curial; liber pontificalis), the Roman Curia (e.g., curia, roman; evangelization of peoples, congregation for the; pontifical biblical commission), bishops (e.g., episcopal conferences; bishop [in the church]), and laity (e.g., laity, formation and education of; christifideles laici; christian family movement). Religious orders receive special attention, with general articles on the orders (e.g., benedictines; benedictine spirituality; sulpicians; canons regular of st. augustine) and separate articles on individual congregations and religious houses; see also monasticism; poverty controversy; hermits, etc.

Many of the articles in the Encyclopedia deal with the history of the Church in some way. The biographies of popes, martyrs, and founders of religious orders, for example, provide indispensable information about the Church in their times and places. Other biographies, such as those of influential writers, musicians, or scientists, are included in the Encyclopedia because of the influence of such persons in the Church. The entries dealing with individual countries are principally accounts of the Church, or of Christianity in general, in those countries. For more on this topic, see missiology, articles on. The history of the Church is treated most explicitly in four articles: church, history of, i (early); church, history of, ii (medieval); church, history of, iii (early modern: 15001789); church, history of, iv (late modern: 17892002).

[g. f. lanave]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Church, Articles on." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Church, Articles on." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 15, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/church-articles

"Church, Articles on." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/church-articles

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.