Bruggen, Carry van
BRUGGEN, CARRY VAN
BRUGGEN, CARRY VAN (1881–1932), Dutch novelist and philosophical writer. Born in Smilde as Carolina Lea de Haan, she was the sister of Jacob Israel de *Haan. Her first husband was the non-Jewish writer Kees van Bruggen, her second the art historian A. Pit. Carry van Bruggen, who worked for a while as a schoolteacher, published her first novel, De Verlatene ("The Forsaken Woman"), in 1910. This was pitilessly self-analytical and autobiographical, as were Heleen (1913), Het Huisje aan de Sloot ("The House on the Canal," 1921), and her last novel, Eva (1927). Carry van Bruggen displayed an ambivalent, at times antagonistic attitude to Jewish tradition and nationalism, although she described the joys and sorrows of the religious family in which she grew up with great affection. The tragedy of believing Jews whose children become estranged from tradition is a constant theme in her work. She was an original thinker, with a profound knowledge of the history of philosophy. Her main work, Prometheus (1919), is an attempt to follow a freethinker in his struggle with the powers of darkness, and it had a significant influence on leading Dutch writers. She analyzed modern superstition in Hedendaagsch Fetischisme ("Fetishism in our Time," 1925). Her novels further include Het Joodje ("The Little Jew," 1914), Een Indisch Huwelijk ("An Indian Marriage," 1921), and Vier Jaargetijden ("Four Seasons," 1924). She also published some minor novels under the pen name Justine Abbing. Carry van Bruggen spent the last years of her life in a mental hospital.
M.-A. Jacobs, Carry van Bruggen, Haar leven en literair werk (1962); J. Fontijn and D. Schouten, Carry van Bruggen: Een documentatie (1985); J.M.J. Sicking, Overgave en verzet: De levens - en wereldbeschouwing van Carry van Bruggen (1993); R. Wolf, Van alles het middelpunt: Over leven en werk van Carry van Bruggen (1980).
[Maritha Mathijsen (2nd ed.)]
"Bruggen, Carry van." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 17, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bruggen-carry-van
"Bruggen, Carry van." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved March 17, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bruggen-carry-van
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.