Archeologist and liturgist; b. Wipperfürth, Rhineland, Jan. 31, 1857; d. Pullach near Munich, July 8, 1947. He was ordained in 1881 and entered the Society of Jesus in 1890. After much travel and study, he taught archeology and the history of art in the theological scholasticates of his order at Valkenburg, Frankfurt, and Pullach. He was for a long time a collaborator on the Stimmen aus Maria Laach. Without opening essentially new vistas of knowledge, he produced many voluminous works basic to a knowledge of Christian archeology, iconography, and liturgy; they are indispensable to students because of their massive material and their description of literary sources. The monumental two-volume Der christliche Altar in seiner geschichtlichen Entwicklung (Munich 1924) is without doubt his most significant contribution to modern scholarship. His other works, however, are not less important: Die liturgische Gewandung im Occident und Orient nach Ursprung und Entwicklung, Verwendung und Symbolik (Freiburg 1907), Sakramente und Sakramentalien (Regensburg 1922), Liturgisches Handlexikon (2d edition, Regensburg 1924), Das christliche Altargerät in seinem Sein und seiner Entwicklung (Munich 1932), Die Reliquiare des christlichen Kultus und ihre Entwicklung (Freiburg 1940), Tracht und Attribute der Heiligen in der deutschen Kunst (Stuttgart 1943).
Bibliography: Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche (Freiburg 1957–65) 2:655. Neue deutsche Biographie (Berlin 1953–) 2:553.
"Braun, Joseph." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 21, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/braun-joseph
"Braun, Joseph." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved January 21, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/braun-joseph
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.