Skip to main content

Abingdon, Abbey of


Benedictine house, Berkshire, England, founded c. 675, refounded c. 954, dissolved 1538. Its early history is doubtful, but according to its chronicler it was founded by a certain Cissa, king of Wessex. It was ruined by the Danes in the 9th century and left derelict until King Eadred gave it to St. ethelwold of winchester to restore c. 954. Regular Benedictine life was restored, and Abingdon became a powerhouse of the English monastic revival, sending colonies of monks to the new minster of winchester and to the Fenland abbeys of ely, peter-borough, thorney, and crowland. After the Conquest, a Norman abbot from Jumièges was installed and the Crown imposed a service of 30 knights on the abbey. It possessed extensive estates and church patronage in Berkshire, Oxford, Gloucester, and Warwick. The church and monastic buildings were rebuilt in the 12th century, but little of these remain. Its income in 1535 was £1,876. The last abbot, Thomas Rowland, formally surrendered the abbey to the Crown on Feb. 9, 1538.

Bibliography: Chronicon Monasterii de Abingdon, ed. j. stevenson, 2 v. (Rerum Britannicarum medii aevi scriptores 2; 1858). The Victoria History of Berkshire, ed. p. h. ditchfield and w. page, 4 v. (London 190624) v. 2. f. m. stenton, The Early History of the Abbey of Abingdon (Reading, Eng. 1913). d. knowles, The Monastic Order in England, 9431216 (2d ed. Cambridge, Eng. 1962) 3156, passim. j. a. robinson, The Times of Saint Dunstan (Oxford 1923).

[c. h. lawrence]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Abingdon, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . 21 Mar. 2019 <>.

"Abingdon, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . (March 21, 2019).

"Abingdon, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved March 21, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.