Abiob, Aaron

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ABIOB, AARON (1535?–1605?), rabbi, preacher, and biblical commentator. Abiob studied under Samuel *Medina, the greatest halakhic authority of his time. He was appointed rabbi, first in Salonika and subsequently in Constantinople and Usküb. Although a recognized authority in halakhah, he would refer cases which he did not wish to decide to his teacher in Salonika. His responsa frequently are quoted in the responsa of Samuel Medina and in those of Solomon b. Abraham Ha-Kohen of Serei. He published Shemen ha-Mor (Salonika, 1601), a collection of novellae of other commentators and his own exposition of rabbinic dicta in connection with the Book of Esther. He compiled commentaries on the Pentateuch, called Korban Aharon, developed from the discourses he delivered on Sabbaths and festivals. The work was never published and the manuscript is no longer extant. His commentary on Psalms, Beit Aharon, was also unpublished. His son Solomon succeeded him as rabbi of Usküb.


Michael, Or, no. 266; Rosanes, Togarmah, 2 (1938), 127; 3 (1938), 74, 125; M.S. Goodblatt, Jewish Life in Turkey in the 16th Century (1952), 26; M. Molcho, in: Sinai, 41 (1957), 41.