Skip to main content

Shoghi Effendi Rabbānī

Shoghi Effendi Rabbānī (1897–1957). Guardian (valī) of the Bahāʾī Faith (1922–57), eldest grandson of ʿAbduʾl-Bahā, and his appointed successor. He effectively established the modern system of Bahāʾī administration with its locally and nationally elected Spiritual Assemblies (1922–3) and its separate branch of advisory leaders (from 1951). He instituted a series of plans for the expansion of the religion which eventually extended to most parts of the world. By his own voluminous writings, he provided authoritative interpretations of Bahāʾī scripture and doctrine. His main writings include his early letters on Bahāʾī Administration (1922–9), his delineation of the goals and characteristics of the World Order of Bahāʾuʾllāh (1929–36), and his interpretative history of Bābī and Bahāʾī history, God Passes By (1944). He died unexpectedly, 4 Nov. 1957, in London. No new guardian was appointed, and only a tiny minority of Bahāʾīs followed the American claimant, Charles Mason Remey.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Shoghi Effendi Rabbānī." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Shoghi Effendi Rabbānī." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 16, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shoghi-effendi-rabbani

"Shoghi Effendi Rabbānī." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved October 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shoghi-effendi-rabbani

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.