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Ḥurūfī. A Shiʿa movement founded by Fazl Allāh in the 14th cent. (8th cent. AH), later adopted by some Bektāshīya. Their belief (summarized in Maḥram-nāme, AH 828) is that the universe moves in eternal cycles, from Adam to the Day of Judgement, with God becoming manifest through creation, especially in the human face which reflects the image of God. This manifestation is concentrated in the successive forms of prophet, saint, and (finally, in Fazl Allāh) the incarnation of God.