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Camaldolese (etym. uncertain, perhaps from campus Romualdi, ‘field of Romuald’). A Christian monastic order derived from the reforms of Romuald (c.920–1027), who did penance for his father in Ravenna, and came into contact with monastic life of various kinds. He founded a number of communities, including the hermitage of Camaldoli in the mountains near Arezzo, below which developed the monastery which became the centre of the Camaldolese Order. The Life of the Five Brothers, by St Bruno-Boniface, was written before Romuald died and contains the short rule of Romuald. The Congregation of Camaldoli is part of the Benedictine (see BENEDICT) confederation.

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