Skip to main content

Zatlers, Valdis

Valdis Zatlers (väl´dĬs zät´lĕrs), 1955–, Latvian physician and political leader. A graduate (1979) of the Riga Institute of Medicine, he is an orthopedic surgeon and was director of the Riga Hospital of Traumatology and Orthopedics from 1994 to 2007. His political experience was limited to cofounding (1988) the Latvian Popular Front, which was active in obtaining Latvia's independence from the Soviet Union. In 2007 the country's four-party center-right coalition government chose Zatlers as their presidential candidate, and he was subsequently elected by the Latvian parliament. He failed to win reelection in 2011 after he accused legislators of being soft on corruption and called a referendum on dissolving parliament. His newly founded Reform party subsequently placed second in the resulting parliamentary elections and became part of the governing coalition.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Zatlers, Valdis." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 24 Apr. 2018 <>.

"Zatlers, Valdis." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (April 24, 2018).

"Zatlers, Valdis." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 24, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.