Zabrze

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Zabrze (zäb´zhĕ), Ger. Hindenburg, city (1992 est. pop. 202,800), Śląskie prov., S Poland. It is a railway junction in the Katowice mining and industrial region. Local coal deposits form the basis of Zabrze's coke and chemical industries. Founded in the 13th cent., Zabrze passed to Prussia in 1742. The city was renamed in 1915 in honor of German Field Marshal von Hindenburg; its old name was restored when it was ceded to Poland in 1945.