Vorkuta (vərkōōtä´), city (1989 pop. 116,000), Komi Republic, NE European Russia, above the Arctic Circle. It is the industrial center of the Pechora coal basin. Founded in 1932 as the site of large Soviet forced-labor camps, Vorkuta became a city in 1942. Some of the camps were still being used in the 1980s, although they were reportedly dissolved after Stalin's death.
"Vorkuta." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/vorkuta
"Vorkuta." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved July 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/vorkuta