Skip to main content

Udall, Stewart Lee

Stewart Lee Udall (yōō´dôl), 1920–2010, U.S. cabinet member and environmentalist, b. St. Johns, Ariz. After serving in World War II, Udall practiced law in Tucson until elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1954. As a member of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs he gained a reputation as a conservationist and an advocate of public works. An early supporter of John F. Kennedy for the presidency, he became in Jan., 1961, the first Arizonan to hold a cabinet post. As secretary of the interior under both Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson, he stressed government dam building to generate increased public power, presided over a vast enlargement of the national park system, and promoted laws protecting clean air and water, increasing land conservation, and preserving historic sites. He subsequently wrote a syndicated newspaper column, taught at Yale, and resumed his law practice. Udall wrote National Parks of America (1966), The Quiet Crisis (1963, repr. 1967), 1976: Agenda for Tomorrow (1968), and The Myths of August (1994). His younger brother, Morris King Mo Udall, 1922–98, succeeded him in Congress (1961–91). His son Thomas Udall, 1948–, was first elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from New Mexico in 1998 and has been a U.S. senator since 2009. Mo Udall's son Mark Udall, 1950–, was also first elected to the House of Representatives, from Colorado, in 1998 and has been a U.S. senator since 2009.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Udall, Stewart Lee." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Udall, Stewart Lee." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 19, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/udall-stewart-lee

"Udall, Stewart Lee." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved November 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/udall-stewart-lee

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.