Skip to main content


Telangana, state (2011 pop. 35,286,757), 44,340 sq mi (114,840 sq km), S central India. Created in 2014 from NW Andhra Pradesh, it is bordered by Maharashtra (N), Chhattisgarh and Odisha (NE), Andhra Pradesh (SE and S), and Karnataka (W). The capital is Hyderabad, which is also the capital of Andhra Pradesh. Located on the Deccan Plateau, the state is drained by the Krishna and Godavari rivers. The area is semiarid, with a hot and dry climate that supports limited agriculture, including fruits and flowers. There are extensive coal deposits, as well as limestone, bauxite, and mica. Hyderabad is a center of information technology and pharmaceutical companies. The population is predominantly Hindu and Telugu-speaking. The creation of the new state, which some residents had long advocated, was first discussed by the Indian government in 2009. Bitter conflict within Andhra Pradesh, arising in part because Hyderabad was the state capital and would become part of Telangana, led to the matter being put on hold until 2013. A new capital for Andhra Pradesh is to be established by 2024; until then, both states will use Hyderabad their capital. Telangana is governed by a chief minister and cabinet responsible to a bicameral legislature with one popularly elected house and by a governor appointed by the president of India.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Telangana." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 18 Aug. 2019 <>.

"Telangana." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (August 18, 2019).

"Telangana." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 18, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.