Philippe Soupault (fēlēp´ sōōpō´), 1897–1990, French poet, novelist, critic, and political activist. He took an active role in the dadaist movement and later founded the surrealist movement with André Breton (see Dada; surrealism). After imprisonment by the Nazis in World War II, Soupault traveled to the United States but subsequently returned to France. His works include such volumes of poetry as Aquarium (1917) and Rose des vents [compass card] (1920) and the novel Les Dernières Nuits de Paris (1928; tr. Last Nights of Paris, 1929).