Skip to main content

Simitis, Costas

Costas Simitis (Konstantinos Georgiou Simitis) (kô´stəs sĬmēt´Ĭs, kôn´stäntē´nôs gāôr´gyōō), 1936–, Greek politician and premier (1996–2004), b. Athens. Simitis studied law in Germany (J.D., Marburg, 1959) and economics in Great Britain. A lawyer, he was involved in activities against the Greek junta, avoided arrest by fleeing abroad in the late 1960s, and became a law professor in Germany (1971–75). He was a founding member (1974) of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (Pasok), Greece's socialist party. Returning to Greece in the 1970s, Simitis joined the government as a member of parliament from Piraeus and subsequently served in a number of ministerial posts, notably minister of industry and commerce (1993–96). In 1996 the pragmatic leader was appointed to succeed Premier Andreas Papandreou, who resigned due to ill health. Following Papandreou's death in June, 1996, Simitis was elected Pasok's party leader. Simitis moved Pasok toward the center and undertook austerity measures that paved the way for Greece's adoption of the euro. In Apr., 2000, he led Pasok to a narrow victory in the parliamentary elections, serving until 2004. Simitis was succeeded as party leader by George Papandreou (1952–) in 2004.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Simitis, Costas." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 23 May. 2019 <>.

"Simitis, Costas." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (May 23, 2019).

"Simitis, Costas." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved May 23, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.