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Saugus (sô´gəs), town (1990 pop. 25,549), Essex co., NE Mass., a suburb of Boston on the Saugus River near the Atlantic Ocean; settled before 1637, set off from Lynn and inc. 1815. Mainly residential, the town has some light manufacturing. The Saugus ironworks (1646–c.1670; restored 1954) were the first successful enterprise of the kind in the colonies.