Sauguet, Henri (real name, Jean Pierre Poupard)

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Sauguet, Henri (real name, Jean Pierre Poupard)

Sauguet, Henri (real name, Jean Pierre Poupard ), French composer; b. Bordeaux, May 18, 1901; d. Paris, June 22, 1989. He assumed his mother’s maiden name as his own. He was a pupil of Vaubourgois in Bordeaux and of Canteloube in Montauban. In 1922 he went to Paris, where he studied with Koechlin; became associated with Satie, and formed a group designated as the École d’Arcueil (from the locality near Paris where Satie lived). In conformity with the principles of utilitarian music, he wrote sophisticated works in an outwardly simple manner; his first conspicuous success was the production of his ballet La Chatte by Diaghilev in 1927. He was elected a member of the Académie des Beaux Arts in 1976. He was the author of La Musique, ma vie (Paris, 1990).

Works

DRAMATIC: Opera: Le Plumet du colonel (Paris, April 24, 1924); La Chartreuse de Parme (1927–36; Paris, March 16, 1939; rev. 1968); La Contrebasse (1930; Paris, 1932); La Gageure imprévue (1942; Paris, July 4, 1944); Les Caprices de Marianne (Aix-en-Provence, July 20, 1954); Le Pain des autres (1967–74); Boule de suif (Lyons, 1978); Tistou les pouces verts (Paris, 1980). B a 1 1 e t : La Chatte (Monte Carlo, April 30, 1927); Paul et Virginie (Paris, April 15, 1943); Les Mirages (Paris, Dec. 15, 1947); Cordelia (Paris, May 7, 1952); L’As de coeur (1960); Paris (1964); L’Imposteur ou Le Prince et le mendiant (1965). orch.: 3 piano concertos (1934; 1948; 1961–63); 4 syms.: No. 1, Expiatoire, in memory of innocent war victims (1945; Paris, Feb. 8, 1948), No. 2, Allégorique (1949), No. 3, INR (1955), and No. 4, Du troisième âge (1971); Orphée for Violin and Orch. (Aix-en-Provence, July 26, 1953); Mélodie concertante for Cello and Orch. (1963); The Garden Concerto for Harmonica and Orch. (1970); Reflets sur feuilles for Harp, Piano, Percussion, and Orch. (1979). chamber: 3 string quartets (1926, 1948, 1979); Divertissement de chambre for Flute, Clarinet, Viola, Cello, and Piano (1931); Suite for Clarinet and Piano (1935); Golden Suite for Brass (1963); Sonatine bucolique for Alto Saxophone and Piano (1964); Sonatine aux bois for Oboe and Piano (1971); Oraisons for Organ and 4 Saxophones (1976); Alentours saxophoniques for Alto Saxophone, Winds, and Piano (1976); Ne moriatur in aeternum “in memoriam André Jolivet” for Trumpet and Organ (1979); Sonate d’église for Organ and String Quintet (1985); Musique pour Cendrars for Piano and String Quintet (1986); piano pieces. VOCAL : La Voyante, cantata for Woman’s Voice and 11 Instruments (1932); Petite Messe pastorale for 2 Voices and Organ (1934); Le Cornette, ballade for Bass and Orch. (1951); Plus loin que la nuit et le jour, cantata for Chorus (1960); L’oiseau a vu tout cela, cantata for Baritone and String Orch. (1960); Chant pour une ville meurtrie, oratorio (1967); Messe jubilatoire for Tenor, Bass, and String Quartet (1983); songs.

Bibliography

M. Schneider, H. S. (Paris, 1959); F.-Y. Brii, H. S. (Paris, 1967); D. Austin, H. S.: A Bio-Bibliography (N.Y., 1991).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

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Sauguet, Henri (real name, Jean Pierre Poupard)

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