Petrozavodsk (pyĕt´rəzəvôtsk´), city (1989 pop. 269,500), capital of Karelia, NW European Russia, a port on Lake Onega. It produces lumbering equipment and has shipyards, fish canneries, sawmills, and wood plants. Novgorodians worked the nearby iron deposits in the Middle Ages. Peter I founded a metal factory in 1703 at Petrozavodsk, whose name translates as "Peter's plant." The city has a university that was founded in 1940.
"Petrozavodsk." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/petrozavodsk
"Petrozavodsk." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved June 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/petrozavodsk