Passos Coelho, Pedro
Pedro Passos Coelho (Pedro Manuel Mamede Passos Coelho) (pĕ´drō pä´sōōsh kwĕl´ōō), 1964–, Portuguese political leader, grad. Lusíada Univ., Lisbon, 2001. The son of a doctor, he spent some of his childhood in Angola (then a Portuguese territory), returning with his family in 1974. He became a member of the youth division of the center-right Social Democratic party (PSD) at 14 and rose to hold youth leadership positions. From 1991 to 1999 he served in the parliament, but he then (2001–6) was a manager in various businesses and was active in local politics. In 2010 he became PSD party leader and, amid an ongoing economic and government debt crisis, he led the PSD to victory in the June, 2011, elections and became premier of a PSD–Popular party coalition government. Amid a deepening recession, his government has enacted a series of austerity measures as a condition of international aid.
"Passos Coelho, Pedro." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 18, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/passos-coelho-pedro
"Passos Coelho, Pedro." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved September 18, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/passos-coelho-pedro
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.