Nicolay, John George
John George Nicolay (nĬk´əlā), 1832–1901, biographer of Lincoln, b. Bavaria. In 1837 he was brought to the United States, and his family settled in Pike co., Ill. He worked on the Pittsfield, Ill., Free Press and was its editor and owner from 1854 to 1856. In 1860 he and his close friend, John Hay, became private secretaries to Abraham Lincoln and continued as such during his presidency. In 1890 Nicolay and Hay brought out their Abraham Lincoln: a History (10 vol.), which had been planned since 1861. It is the authorized biography, and though biased by hero worship and a sometimes excessive respect for conventions, it is a basic historical work for study of the period. Hay and Nicolay also edited Lincoln's complete works.
See biography by his daughter, Helen Nicolay (1949); J. Zeitz, Lincoln's Boys: John Hay, John Nicolay and the War for Lincoln's Image (2014).
"Nicolay, John George." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 17, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/nicolay-john-george
"Nicolay, John George." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/nicolay-john-george
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.